In future UGVs are bound to play a important role in war zone to back soldiers and to replace them in extreme cases. Let’s have a look about India UGV Programme so far.Till now no country has fielded UGV on battle field. USA, Russia, Isarel and India are some of the countries with focus on UGVs. In this answer i will be posting about Indian UGVs.

DRDO Muntra

  • (Footnote:DRDO all set for summer trials of Unmanned Ground Vehicles)
    • DRDO MUNTRA-S UGV undergoing trials at the Mahajan Field Firing Range.
    • MUNTRA-S (Tracked Unmanned Group Vehicle for Surveillance) is an unmanned vehicle designed by DRDO’s CVRDE lab and based on the amphibious BMP-2 chassis.
    • The sensors on board primarily consist of the BFSR-SR radar, a thermal imaging day/night sight and a laser rangefinder. A variety of targets can be tracked from ranges 50m to 12km.
    • It transmit information to the MUNTRA-B command vehicle. The radar itself has an instrumented range of 18km.
    • The vehicle is unarmed and the 2A42 30x165mm auto-cannon has been removed.
    • The vehicle is tele-operated from the MUNTRA-B vehicle which is also based on the BMP-2 chassis, it can be tele-operated within a radius of 20km.

DRDO Daksh

DRDO Daksh warrior

  • A Gun mounted ROV system, with MG3 Grenade Launcher and a 7.62 mm LMG mounted on an unmanned vehicle.

    The system has a range of 500 m in LOS (Line of Sight) and an endurance of about 3 hrs. It can climb stairs too.

DRDO Rudra

  • Rudra is a unmanned ground vehicle which is mounted with 7.62 mm Machinegun and 30mm rocket launcher , rudra’s speed is 20 km/hr and now with help of rudra, defence forces can eliminate threats without endangering human lifes


  • DRDO Mobile Autonomous Stabilisation System (MASS) is a dedicated system to protection of ground aeras and airspace.
  • The Mobile Autonomous Stabilisation System, or MASS, is capable of carrying a wide variety of payloads, including guns, small radars, anti-tank missiles, and electro-optical systems. It is configured as a small electrically propelled wheeled platform. The system is capable to operate in automous, semi autonomous and teleoperation modes.
  • The MASS is also capable of providing continuous azimuth rotation and of autonomous navigation while stabilizing payload. It has a maximum payload capability of 300 kg, and its gimble can carry up to 20 kg of payload. It has an elevation of 30 deg. MASS’ max speed reaches 10 km/h.


  • The Mobile Autonomous Robot System, or MARS, is capable of handling a wide variety of objects, such as IED’s, landmines, and hazardous devices.
  • The Mobile Autonomous Robot System, or MARS, is capable of handling a wide variety of objects, such as IED’s, landmines, and hazardous devices.


Kalyani Autonomous Rover (ECARS) is a 4 wheeled ATV with a skid-steer mechanism and autonomous operation using video motion sensors. It features enhanced collision avoidance system, threat analysis, learning & mission planning systems. It is built on a multi-functional and multi-sensor platform which enables multi tasking.
The vehicle derives power from a battery-powered electric motor. It can last for up to 6 hours in silent mode. In operated manually, it has a top speed of 20 kmph, while in the autonomous mode it has a top speed of up to 15 kmph. Climbing capability stands at max 45 degrees gradient.
Operating temperature ranges from -40 degrees C to +40 degrees C, it is built for ease of use, economical operation and reduced maintenance costs.

DRDO Snowbot: Under Trials:

pic and literature credit:respective owner

Good thing: Except Muntra all other UGVs are meant to be operated in Urban environment and in plain region. All of them are good in terms of looks. All of them can be converted to track version hence can be used in deserts with certain modifications. Good to be used in Railway stations and Airports and also all millitary bases.

Bad thing(Except Muntra and Snowbot): Not of much use in the border areas of J&K and North east which are hilly and uneven region.

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